Short notes on tech 15/2022

Week 15 of 2022

Before leaving for a short Easter holiday here are some links to go through.

Security

Top10 CI/CD Security Risks

Automagically Auditing GitHub (Actions) Security using OpenSSF Scorecards "How to use the OpenSSF Scorecards GitHub Action to audit your GitHub and GitHub Actions configuration, and a breakdown of some of the issues raised by it." (from Cloud Security Reading List)

Software development

Please put units in names
"There is one code readability trap that is easy to avoid once you are aware of it, yet the trap is pervasive: omitting units." (from Hacker Newsletter)

The Catalog of Design Patterns
Creational, Structural and Behavioral Patterns.

Java Development on an Apple M1 – A One Year Review
"Initial pitfalls when working with the Apple M1 and a collection of valuable tricks and workarounds for developing and testing Java applications." (from Hacker Newsletter)

An up-to-date guide on running Java applications in Docker containers
(from DevOps weekly)

Tools

A list of new(ish) command line tools
"Like ripgrep and fd and fzf and exa and bat."

Work

Maybe you should do less 'work'

Short notes on tech 50/2021

Week 50 of 2021

Developer Tools secrets that shouldn’t be secrets
Write-up of a talk at CityJS covering i.a. console.log and VS Code. (from Web Design Weekly)

2021 Design Tools Survey
Overview of the most used design tools during 2021

Meet The Man Who Shoots At Birds All Day To Keep Them Off A Toxic Pit
"If migrating species land on the Berkeley Pit for more than a few hours, they get cooked from the inside out. Now, miners use a rifle, drones, and lasers to scare the birds away."

Short notes on tech 45/2021

Week 45 of 2021

Software Development

Software Architecture Patterns: 5 minute read
Some of the most important parts of the Software Architecture Patterns by Mark Richards. (from Hackernewsletter)

React Aria: A headless UI component library
A library of React Hooks that provides accessible UI primitives for your design system. "You structure your DOM and css however you want, and react-aria provides hooks that return props to spread onto your elements to make them come alive."

Coding font
"gamified experience to help you find your true love of coding fonts" (from Hackernewsletter)

Cloud

How to improve your Docker containers security
"Containers are no security devices. That's why we've curated a set of easily actionable recommendations to improve your Docker containers security. Check out the one-page cheat sheet." (from Cloud Security Reading List)

Github Actions Security Best Practices
"Some of the key security concerns you should be aware of when using Github Actions. We will also cover the best practices that Salesforce Heroku follows." (from Cloud Security Reading List)

Information Security

Attacking and Securing CI/CD Pipeline
"Comprehensive summary of both the attack methods often used against CI/CD pipelines and our insights in securing the CI/CD infrastructure." ATT&CK-like Threat Matrix for CI/CD Pipeline. (from Cloud Security Reading List)

Protect your open source project from supply chain attacks
tl;dr; Follow the SLSA framework and OpenSSF Scorecards rubric, and many can be implemented automatically by using the Allstar project. (from Cloud Security Reading List)

Java

New language features since Java 8 to 17
(from Hackernewsletter)

Worklife

Doing a job
"Human experience shows that people, not organizations or management systems, get things done."

Short notes on tech 28/2021

Week 28 of 2021

CSS

CSS system colors
"Jim Nielsen reveals the system colors we can use in CSS and how useful this can be for light and dark mode themes." (from WDRL)

Cloud

The Gamer Guide to Playing Amazon Web Services (AWS)
"This is such a nice article, sharing a getting started guide for AWS, in a similar style to the getting started guides that many experienced MMORPG players write for new players." (from Cloud Security Reading List)

Best practices for securing Identity and Access Management on AWS
"Post looking at different approaches to help keep IAM configuration tidy, auditable and right-sized." (from Cloud Security Reading List)

Uncomplicate Security for developers using Reference Architectures
"Walk through some of the salient features of a meaningful security reference architecture and the process required to develop one." (from Cloud Security Reading List)

Software development

A curated list of books on Software Architecture

Monthly notes 56

Issue 56, 26.2.2021

Work life

Researchers identify four causes of "Zoom fatigue" and their simple fixes
"Those video calls are likely tiring you out." tl;dr;

  • Excessive amounts of close-up eye contact is highly intense.
  • Seeing yourself during video chats constantly in real-time is fatiguing.
  • Video chats dramatically reduce our usual mobility.
  • The cognitive load is much higher in video chats.

Maximizing Developer Effectiveness
"It’s all about tight feedback loops." (from Weekend Reading)

Information security

OWASP Top 10 for Web
"Inspired by real-world vulnerabilities and case studies, we have created a series of interactive application security training modules to help developers understand, identify and mitigate security vulnerabilities in their applications."

3 Ways to Mitigate Risk When Using Private Package Feeds
"Microsoft whitepaper on best practices to follow to reduce risks against substitution attacks." (from Cloud Security List)

How to use Docker Security Scan Locally
"Docker and Snyk recently entered into a partnership to provide container vulnerability scanning to official images on Docker Hub. Additionally, Docker has integrated scanning directly into Docker for Desktop clients." (from Cloud Security List)

Cloud

Introducing GKE Autopilot: a revolution in managed Kubernetes
"Autopilot is a new mode of operation in Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE). Autopilot clusters are pre-configured with an optimized cluster configuration that is ready for production workloads. This streamlined configuration follows GKE best practices and recommendations for cluster and workload setup and security." You can achieve "the same" by manually ticking the right options.

AWS Account Setup Guide
A guide for configuring new AWS accounts with an emphasis on security, including customizable templates. (from Cloud Security List)

Microservices

A Practical Guide to Writing Secure Dockerfiles
How to write secure Dockerfiles, and how to automate security checks as codified policies and validate them against the Dockerfiles to identify potential security risks before deploying them into production. (from Cloud Security List)

Learning

Tackling TypeScript: Upgrading from JavaScript
"For JavaScript developers looking to learn TypeScript." (from Weekend Reading)

How they SRE
A curated collection of publicly available resources on how technology and tech-savvy organizations around the world practice Site Reliability Engineering (SRE) (from Hacker Newsletter)

Tools of the trade

skan
"sKan is a Kubernetes configuration files and resources scanner that enables developers and devops team members to check whether their work is compliant with security & ops best practices." (from Cloud Security List)

Something different

Calvin and Hobbes search engine
(from Hacker Newsletter, comments)

Short notes on tech 5/2021

Week 5/2021

Worklife

Why Working from Home Will Stick
Or will it? Hacker News comments provide a good pointers why it won't stick for the broader society.

Software development

Maximizing Developer Effectiveness
"It’s all about tight feedback loops." (from Weekend Reading)

Google Engineering Practices Documentation
"Google has many generalized engineering practices that cover all languages and all projects. These documents represent our collective experience of various best practices that we have developed over time." Unfortunately it currently contains only "Google's Code Review Guidelines".

Awesome Software and Architectural Design Patterns
"A curated list of software and architecture related design patterns."

Tools of the trade

deep-email-validator
"Library that handles all the email validation strategies: regex, common typos, disposable email blacklists, MX record lookup, and SMTP to check the inbox exists." (from Weekend Reading)

Mock Service Worker
Seamless API mocking library for browser and Node. (from Weekend Reading)

Monthly Notes 55

It's a new year and let's start it with Monthly notes. Something new and something old from the short tech notes. Let this year be good!

Issue 55, 5.1.2021

Tools of the trade

Awesome CI
List of Continuous Integration services. There's a bunch of them to choose, my favorites are: GitHub Actions, Circle CI, Google Cloud Build, Drone CI.

Alternatives to JIRA which is moving to cloud only:
Asana
ClickUp
Linear
Redmine

Ignore node_modules in BackBlaze

PostgREST
"PostgREST serves a fully RESTful API from any existing PostgreSQL database. It provides a cleaner, more standards-compliant, faster API than you are likely to write from scratch." (from hackernewsletter)

alyssaxuu/screenity
"Screenity is a feature-packed screen and camera recorder for Chrome. Annotate your screen to give feedback, emphasize your clicks, edit your recording, and much more." (from Weekend Reading)

Foam
"Foam is a personal knowledge management and sharing system inspired by Roam Research, built on Visual Studio Code and GitHub."

Web Development

Integrate the Web Share API into our websites
"Use the Web Share API instead of these ugly lists of social icons. We should take care that our products support the native frameworks to make the web a better place." (from WDRL 285)

Sass vars, CSS vars, and semantic theme vars
"How we should define semantic variable names in the age of light and dark themes." (from WDRL 285)

Apple now lets us integrate Face ID and Touch ID on the web
"Building it on top of the Web Authentication API. Imagine how this can improve the logging in experience for a good part of your user base."

Work life

A Day in the Life of an Engineering Manager
"Engineering Manager is one of the roles that most people don’t know exactly what it’s about and what these people do. Karl Hughes explains what he does all day and it turns out it’s a role full of soft skills like networking, explaining things or translating between two people, between company departments and to raise awareness around delivery, around process management and recruiting as well as people’s happiness in their jobs." (from WDRL 285)

Development

Collection of tips for note taking by Dr. Sam Ladner
"This is a great collection of tips for note taking. For user research, design reviews, board meetings, whatever". (from Weekend Reading)

How to Make Your Code Reviewer Fall in Love with You
"Value your reviewer’s time". tl;dr; Start with these and read the article for more:

  • Review your own code first
  • Write a clear changelist description
  • Automate the easy stuff
  • Answer questions with the code itself
  • Narrowly scope changes
  • Separate functional and non-functional changes
  • Break up large changelists

Cloud

Monitoring & securing AWS with Microsoft
"Interesting approach, how to setup (advanced) monitoring of AWS with Azure Security Center (CSPM), Azure Defender (CWPP), Cloud App Security (CASB), and Azure Sentinel (SIEM)." (from Cloud Security Reading List)

Learning

How I read books: setting up a new system
"Knowledge is much more valuable when we can act on it, and change our behavior."
tl;dr; Active learning / reading; Processing and reflecting; Repeating; Presenting; Taking action. (from HackerNewsletter)

Things you're allowed to do
"This is a list of things you’re allowed to do that you thought you couldn’t, or didn’t even know you could."

Monthly notes 54

Working from home continues as COVID-19 still surges and if you yet haven't checked your video call capabilities, read the How to make video calls almost as good as face-to-face article. The remote working isn't going away as this year has shown that pendeling to offices every day isn't really needed.

Issue 54, 6.11.2020

"Nobody gets hacked"

Working from home

Companies plans for remote work going forward
Twitter thread by Chris Herd of what he learned by speaking to 1,000 companies over the last 6 months about their plans for remote work going forward. Office space going down; flexi-work; people working too hard; burnouts; asynchronous communication is difficult; invest to ergonomic working equipment; workers will be happier as a result of remote work; need tools to track output; documentation is the unspoken superpower of remote teams; coaching and facilitators are needed;

How to make video calls almost as good as face-to-face
How much nicer video calls would feel if the problems with low-quality microphones and webcams, lag and such would be solved? The post summarizes what can be done by fiddling with gear and software. TL;DR; Get away from other people; Throw your wireless headset in the trash; Don’t mute; Get a better microphone; Listen to yourself; Improve your lighting; Use your real background; Don’t bother with webcams;

Docker and Kubernetes security

Dockerfile Security Best Practices
List of common security issues and how to avoid them. For every issue there's an Open Policy Agent (OPA) rule ready to be used to statically analyze your Dockerfiles with conftest. TL;DR; Do not store secrets in environment variables; Only use trusted base images; Do not use ‘latest’ tag for base image; Avoid curl bashing; Do not upgrade your system packages; Do not use ADD if possible; Do not root; Do not sudo;

Docker Threat Model

The Current State of Kubernetes Threat Modelling
"If you are planning on using Kubernetes in production, one of the key things to consider from a security perspective is your threat model."

Arsenal of Cloud Native (Security) Tools
Marco Lancini's curated list of tools he finds useful, alongside a quick “usage” guide for each one of them. i.a.: Docker Bench, kube-bench, kube-hunter, AWS Security Benchmark,

Something different

2020 UCI Cycling eSports World Champs heads to Zwift’s Watopia in December
"2020 UCI Cycling eSports World Championships are set to take place on virtual ride platform Zwift in their online Watopia environment. Garmin-Tacx will supply all of the connected trainer for with elite men and women to race each other virtually"

Monthly Notes 52

Issue 52, 9.9.2020

Software development

Field Ops Guide
"The Field Ops Guide (by Futurice) is a booklet that makes it possible to survive a software development project. It's a distillation of years of wisdom gathered working in client projects."

Kubernetes

Threat matrix for Kubernetes
"While Kubernetes has many advantages, it also brings new security challenges that should be considered. Therefore, it is crucial to understand the various security risks that exist in containerized environments, and specifically in Kubernetes."

Docker

Faster Builds and Smaller Images Using BuildKit and Multistage Builds
"Multistage builds feature in Dockerfiles enables you to create smaller container images with better caching and smaller security footprint. In this blog post, I’ll show some more advanced patterns that go beyond copying files between a build and a runtime stage, allowing to get most out of the feature."

Tools

img
"Standalone, daemon-less, unprivileged Dockerfile and OCI compatible container image builder."

GraphQL Voyager
"Represent any GraphQL API as an interactive graph."

SQL diagrams

Something different

Cheating in eSports: How to cheat at virtual cycling

Monthly notes 51

It's August and after summer holidays it's time to get back to monthly notes. If you read only one note, check the "Some important things to keep in mind when you work remotely" which has good tips also in general. Happy reading :)

Issue 51: 2020-08-07

Kubernetes

How to gracefully shut down Pods without dropping production traffic in Kubernetes?
If you've ever noticed dropped connection after a rolling upgrade, read Daniele Polencic Twitter thread which digs into the details with detailed pictures.

Web development

Prevent Info leaks and enable powerful features: COOP and COEP
"Cross-Origin Embedder Policy (COEP) and Cross-Origin Opener Policy (COOP) isolate your origin and enable powerful features." The video by @agektmr helps you understand how it works and why this is important. Unlock access to new perf API's to help you identify JS bottlenecks, memory leaks, and more. (from @igrigorik)

How To Setup Your Local Node.js Development Environment Using Docker
(from @Docker)

Web Stories are coming to WordPress!
Web Stories are tappable, engaging visual stories brought to the web. They’re powered by AMP technology. (from @pbakaus)

Working remotely

Some important things to keep in mind when you work remotely
Check the Twitter thread for 10 great tips for working remotely. They are also good tips also in general. I've also found the tip 8. be great. Writing notes and making (public) blog posts of them helps you to process new information better and also help other developers. Documentation is often undervalued and it takes time to do it correctly.

Software development

It's probably time to stop recommending Clean Code
"There is a growing movement against Rob Martin's books (e.g., Clean Code). After reading the article, I have to agree with a lot of it, but I also hope that this movement doesn't push too far to the other side." (from @maybeFrederick) My take is that don't believe everything you read be it on a book or nowadays in the Internet. Use your own thinking and reasoning. "Clean Code" has good points and suggestions but also goes a bit overboard with how "clean" things should look.

Tools

Boop
"Boop is a place to paste text, and transform it using basic operations. The goal is to allow quick experimentation and avoid using random websites to do that stuff. It's super useful when working with logs, JSON data, etc." (from @OKatBest). This is what I've always needed. No more searching for online tool for a specific task (or looking it from tiny-helpers.dev which is a great collection).

Git-bug
Fully embedded bug-tracker in git: you only need your git repository to have a bug tracker.

Something different

Remy Metailler Smashes Squamish Mountain Bike Trails

Following a Pro Enduro Racer Down Whistler's Hardest Trails // Wyn Masters